Equine anatomy refers to the gross and microscopic anatomy of horses and other equids. I needed pictures of horse anatomy so i could fully understand the function of the body part and how it could heal. Klausdieter budras institute of veterinary anatomy free university of berlin professor em. Due to the massive size and primary location of the joint, as well as the range of motion it governs, a fractured stifle can have lifethreatening consequences for any horse. Horse anatomy i horse anatomy, skeleton anatomy, horse bones. Three components are most important to maintaining normal joint action. Sep, 2018 few anatomical structures of the horse are as fascinating as the stifle joint. Its unique anatomy allows the horse to lock the joint in an extended position so that it can sleep standing up. A locking stifle in vetspeak an upward fixation of the patella or ufp is a common problem in horses while the causes are not always understood, its possible to help your horse overcome a locking stifle with time, patience and exercise. The stifle is one of the more complex joints in a horses body. Your horse s stifle joint is the joint directly above the hock joint on the hind leg. The stifle or genual joint of horses is divided into two inconsistently communicating cavities. The limbs of the horse are structures made of dozens of bones, joints, muscles, tendons, and ligaments that support the weight of the equine body.
How anatomically accurate are mris of horse stifles. While all anatomical features of equids are described in the same terms as for other animals by the international committee on veterinary gross anatomical nomenclature in the book nomina anatomica veterinaria, there are many horsespecific colloquial terms used by equestrians. Oct 15, 2001 the stifle joint is the largest joint in the horses body. It is a complex structure and is subject to many problems. There is often a synovial bursa between the distal part. The stifle joint can be affected by a disorder called upward patellar fixation, in which the patella becomes stuck over the medial condyle of the distal femur, locking the stifle joint in extension. Dont be stopped by a stifle injury the chronicle of the horse horse information. Few anatomical structures of the horse are as fascinating as the stifle joint. The stifle of a horse is anatomically equivalent to the knee of a human it is a hinge joint consisting of the distal femur, proximal tibia, proximal fibula and the patella kneecap.
It is comparable to the human knee complete with a patella knee cap. Learn about the structure and function of your horses powerful hind limbs with dr. Jul 20, 2018 if youre an aspiring veterinarian, odds are you are going to see more than your fair share of injured knees over the coming years. Equine stifle model butler professional farrier schools. The stifle joint functions to flex and extend the hind leg, moving your horse along. Not only is the stifle joint critical in propulsion of the horse forward but it is an essential mechanism in deceleration and directional change. The stifle joint is located in the hind limbs between the femur and tibia. Vintage 1940s illustrated animal anatomy book page. Beginning in the spring of 2008 to the writing of this article, mri of the stifle was performed in a total of 61 clinical cases. The hind limbs of the horse have a propelling function, driving the horse forward. Similar to the human knee, the stifle is located on the horses hind limbs. To release the patella, the horse shifts its weight to the other limb and the quadriceps contract drawing the patella proximally.
The passive stay apparatus that locks your horse s hind leg so the other one can rest is also critical. Atlas of the equine musculoskeletal system second edition with emphasis on the visual, the book is composed of photographs of live horses in different postures and phases of movement, some augmented with superimposed images of bones and muscles, as well as photographs of dissected fresh cadavers revealing the many interacting layers of muscle and connective tissue, all the way to the skeletal. Learn equine anatomy joints with free interactive flashcards. A new approach to stifle injuries the horse owners resource. The bones that make up the stifle are the femur thigh, tibia shin and patella kneecap. When locked, the patella 1 with parapatellar fibrocartilage 2 is shifted behind the top of the. Encircling the whole stifle joint is a thin capsule that has a special fluid that assists with shock absorption and lubrication. Below the hock, we have the cannon bone, the fetlock joint, the pastern joint. Leg anatomy of a horse if you are looking for some amazing equine anatomy charts, check out wingspan arts international.
Stifle definition of stifle by the free dictionary. Sack department of biomedical sciences college of veterinary medicine cornell university, ithaca, new york dr sabine rock institute of. Veterinary students often encounter difficulties when faced with the complex anatomy of the equine stifle and its appearance using ultrasound imaging. Stifle injuries in horses symptoms, causes, diagnosis. This article highlights the locking mechanism of the horses stifle joint. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Basic equine anatomy and terminology the normal horse. This results in an immobile stifle joint and so no muscle activity is needed to maintain the leg in this position. Pro equine grooms an intro to your horses stifle joint. The most complex joint in the horse is the stifle joint. Just an interesting note about the horse s forelimb knee.
Luxating patella, cruciate ligament rupture and torn meniscus are things you may see on a daily basis, so its critical that you develop a solid understanding of the anatomy of the canine knee from an early stage in your veterinary career. The equine hind limb is actively stabilized during standing. Boudrieau and antonio pozzi anatomy, structure, and function118 the stifle joint is classified as a complex condylar synovial joint owing to t. The canine stifle joint posesses a transverse ligament of the menisci. Horse anatomy coloring book, anatomy coloring pages johnsimpkins, 27 best hoofprints coloring books for horse lovers images in 2019, anatomy coloring pages muscles, human skeleton coloring sheets best anatomy coloring pages horse. The ligament of the femoral head extends from the acetabulum to the fovea on the femoral head. Apr 18, 2011 learn about the structure and function of your horse s powerful hind limbs with dr. The stifle joint is the largest joint in the horses body. Computed tomographic anatomy of the equine stifle joint. Upward patellar fixation the atlanta equine clinic. Flexion bending and extension are possible in the horse between the humerus and radiusulna.
Stifle joint anatomy three bones, two menisci, and a slew of soft tissues comprise three separate compartments that make up the stifle joint. The joint includes the kneecap and its ligaments, which give structural stability. Although horsemen refer to the stifle as if it were a single joint, its actually a threeforone deal with lots of extras thrown in. Anatomy of the horse fifth, revised edition professor em. The stifle joint often simply stifle is a complex joint in the hind limbs of quadruped mammals such as the sheep, horse or dog. Jul 26, 2016 3d model of the equine stifle joint, based on high quality ct and mr scans. The stifle joint often simply stifle is a complex joint in the hind limbs of quadruped mammals such as the sheep, horse or. Stifles of four normal adult dogs were imaged in sagittal and transverse planes and. Mcilwraiths joint disease in the horse, 2nd edition is the only book to give you a full account of equine joint disease, combining a thorough, uptodate survey of scientific advances with a practical guide to both medical and surgical treatments. Vintage horse skeleton trot gallop book page from the horse anatomy. The stifle joint must be considered in any hind limb lameness. Apr 30, 2020 swerdlin and davis believe in a team approach to diagnostics and, depending on the horse, a radiologist, surgeon, the horses regular veterinarian and ridertrainer may all weigh in on the best approach for an individual horses jointcare management. The stifle joint is the joint most often and most easily aspirated. Clinic for surgery and ophthalmology, section for physical therapy and movement science group vienna, university of veterinary medicine, vienna, austria.
This leads to a relatively stable structure, which limits the number of injuries caused by twisting or excess rotation although they can still occur. This book was designed to help students develop accurate mental models of. Fractures of the stifle in horses symptoms, causes. Ultrasonographic examination of the normal canine stifle joint was performed to characterize its normal anatomy. Vekens ev1, bergman eh, vanderperren k, raes ev, puchalski sm, bree hj, saunders jh. Joints and ligaments horse anatomy wikivet english. Your horses stifle joint, the joint directly above the hock joint on the hind leg, is the largest joint in the horses body. Fractures of the hindlimb joint, the stifle, can place far more than just the career of a sport or performance horse at risk. Veterinary anatomy coloring book new tips on how to ride horse anatomy 4. Roberta dwyer of the university of kentuckys gluck equine research center. The patella, patellar ligament, and tibial tuberosity are the reference points. Unlike the human knee, which is one joint, the equine stifle has three separate joint compartments and extracapsular cruciate ligaments. Thus allowing the horse to rest a lot of its weight on this leg.
Stifle joint the stifle is the equivalent of the human knee and it is the largest, most complex joint in the horse. Wrapping your mind around the anatomy of the stifle joint can take a few minutes, but its important for understanding the diagnostic and treatment challenges it presents. The ages of the horses ranged between 2 and 19 years. Animal anatomy dog anatomy horse anatomy joints skeletal system. One function of the stifle joint is to cause the limb to become rigid when the foot is on the ground. The stifle joint can be affected by a disorder called upward patellar fixation, in which the patella becomes stuck over the medial condyle of the distal. To understand how lameness occurs, you must be familiar with healthy joint function and how inflammation causes damage to the joint. Equine stifle joint anatomy locked versus unlocked position. The joint of the front leg at the point where the belly of the horse meets the leg. Awesome anatomy coloring book 6th edition, 12 free anatomy coloring pages printable aias. At the time i didnt even know what a stifle joint was let alone how she managed to pull it. The stifle joint is the largest and also the weakest joint in the equine body. Cranially the femoropatellar joint is formed by the patella and femoral trochlea. This is mainly restricted to flexion and extension and is a result of the conformation of its femoral head, intraarticular ligaments and a large muscle mass around the joint.
The horse has a limited range of hip movement compared to the dog. Pdf ultrasonographic anatomy of the stifle joint in dogs. Valeria busoni, fabrice audigie, in textbook of veterinary diagnostic radiology seventh edition, 2018. This is a really good website from university of missouri extension, that gives the basics of. The speed and vector forces from the horses body mass in athletic performance results in profound energy that can negatively impact the stifle joint under loadbearing. Equine anatomy refers to the gross and microscopic anatomy of horses and other equids, including donkeys, and zebras. The patient is in lateral recumbency with the stifle joint held flexed at an angle of 90, which is the best position for observing bulging of the joint as a result of overfilling. It is the equivalent of the human knee and is often the largest synovial joint in the animals body. Some of these difficulties arise because the stifle includes several soft tissues that can be examined using ultrasound, including the distal patellar ligaments, joint capsule, collateral ligaments, menisci and meniscotibial ligaments. It wasnt enough to hear my vets explanation about her injury.497 749 595 1548 1101 407 88 254 819 1495 1611 944 550 456 665 1524 586 432 1102 1094 262 124 1332 1634 1457 518 1659 734 596 637 314 1045 457 1087 1057 959 443 112 1194 1287 204